Indian chickpeas are rich in protein and are one of the earliest cultivated legumes. It is very popular in different countries of the world and is also known as garbanzo bean, ceci bean, chana, snagalu, Bengal gram etc. These are the common names through which it is being identified and known as. These beans are basically of two types, the Desi and Kabuli. Desi beans are small and have dark seeds and rough coat. It is also known as the Bengal gram. It is considered as the earliest form of beans that was known to people, since it resembles the seeds that were found at the archaeological sites. The Kabuli has light color, larger seeds and smooth coats. This has low fiber content as compared to the desi ones.
Chickpeas are a helpful source of zinc, folate and protein and contain low fat, because of which it is preferred by many people in their regular diet. It can be used in salads, stews and curries. It offers fat free and high quality protein to all the people who consume it. Regular consumption of chickpeas can also help the individual to lower the bad cholesterol levels and even reduces the risk of heart diseases.
It is also very helpful for the women folk as it contain the phytochemicals known as saponins that acts as anti oxidants and lowers the risk of breast cancer. It also protects them from osteoporosis.
These Indian chickpeas are also capable of boosting the energy in an individual because of its high iron content. The need for iron is more in pregnant and lactating women. It is also very high in children and adolescent as they go through a very important period of their life that involves a lot of changes in their body. The high fiber content, in these chickpeas is good for weight loss diets. It is tasty and is capable of controlling the appetite of an individual.