Chick pea is slightly round & irregular shaped crop & a very important pulse crop that grows as a seed of a plant named Cicer arietinum in the Leguminosae family. This light brown colored pulse is considered to be a good source of protein and is also called by the name of Garbanzo beans. Chick pea is used as an edible seed and is also used for making flour throughout the globe.
Chick Peas :
Chick pea is used as an edible seed and is also used for making flour throughout the globe. Chick pea is a highly nutritious pulse and places third in the importance list of the food legumes that are cultivated throughout the world and have a nut like taste with a high protein content in them. It contains 25% proteins, which is the maximum provided by any pulse and 60% carbohydrates. There are mainly two types of chick pea produced i.e. Desi and Kabuli.
Types of Chickpeas:
Chickpeas come in two basic varieties. These are:
• Desi Chickpeas : These are split peas and are relatively smaller in size with dark, small seeds and a rough coat. Desi peas are also known as 'Bengal gram' or 'kala chana'. They are mostly cultivated in India, Mexico, Ethiopia and Iran. Desi chickpeas have a remarkably high fiber content and are thus suitable for people suffering from diabetes
• Kabuli Chickpeas : These chickpeas are light, almost whitish cream in color, with larger seeds and a smoother coat as compared to the desi chickpeas. Introduced in India during the 18th century, the kabuli chickpeas are mainly grown in Southern Europe, Northern Africa, Chile and Afghanistan.
Chick Pea Flour is made by grinding seeds. This flour is one of the main ingredients of many forms of Indian confectionary made with ghee and sugar. It is also used for preparing many tasty snacks like sev, chila and pakoras and curries like koftas. Green pods and tender shoots are used as a vegetable.Chick Peas or Bengal gram has many medicinal properties. Soaked in water overnight and chewed in the morning with honey, the whole gram seed acts as a general tonic. The liquid, obtained by soaking the seeds and then macerating them, also serves as tonic. Sprouted Bengal gram supplies plenty of B-complex and vitamins. Cooked germinated gram is a wholesome food for children and invalids. However excessive use of Bengal gram causes indigestion and may precipitate urinary calcium due to high concentration of oxalic acid and form urinary stone of calculi. It is good for Diabetes and Bengal gram extract, have shown considerable improvement in their fasting blood sugar levels, glucose tolerance, urinary excretion of sugar and general condition. It cures Anemia, Digestive System Disorder and valuable astringent for use in dyspepsia, vomiting, indigestion, costiveness, diarrhea and dysentery.